This systematic review of the literature examined the role of tobacco use measurement in studies of cancer survivorship performed in the last ten years by National Cancer Institute-designated Cancer Centers or affiliated universities. It was intended to establish the degree to which tobacco use was considered a determining factor. The scientific articles examined for the basis of this review were acquired through PubMed, Google Scholar, references to published papers, and evidence-based papers in the cancer survivorship literature. The exhaustive review found 198 relevant to our aim. Out of the 198 studies examining cancer survivorship found to be published by NCI-designated Cancer Centers or their affiliated hospitals in the last ten years, only 21.2% measured tobacco use as a variable. Given the clear involvement of tobacco use as a risk factor for most cancers, the review determined the variable should be a key metric in epidemiological studies. This indicated the need for increasing inclusion as a key measure in all types of cancer studies, especially those performed by National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers.
Cancer survivors; National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers; tobacco use measurement